Copyright for academic staff

On this page, the NTNU University Library has provided information about copyright that you need to be aware of when you publish your research.

Norsk versjon - Opphavsrett for vitenskapelige ansatte

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Brief information about copyright on intellectual and creative work

  • Whoever creates a work of the intellect (an original literary, scientific or artistic work) automatically has the copyright to the work.
  • The copyright arises as soon as the work is created. No registration is needed.
  • Ideas and concepts are not protected by copyright.
  • Copyright generally lasts for 70 years after the author’s death.

Attributing credit/citation

The author is entitled to be named (this is a perpetual right: ideal or moral), by the Norwegian Copyright Act § 5.

Economic rights

The author’s economic rights may be transferred wholly or partially to a publisher.

Contracts with publishers

Publishers are keen to secure exclusive rights. This means that they do not allow others to publish the same book, make the work available via the Internet, publish it as an audio book, produce a new but essentially equivalent work, and so on. (See also Norwegian Copyright Act, § 74).

NTNU’s publishing policy

Knowledge developed at NTNU must be made known and available, including through open access publishing. NTNU’s Policy for Open Science.

Open access is an important aspect of NTNU’s publishing policy. Publishing at NTNU is administered by the University Library and the publishing costs are covered through a joint literature- and publishing budget allocation. See more infomation about Publication funding arrangements.

Be on the alert for questionable publishers.

You can check a journal’s publishing policy in SHERPA/RoMEO.

Use of photographs and other material

As a principle, the author/rightholder must be asked for permission to use copyrighted material. For audio recording, this applies to everyone who contributes to the recording.

Agreements with Bono, Fono, Gramo, Norwaco, Kopinor or Tono secure all users easy and legal access to intellectual property, while the rightholders are paid so that new works can be created.

Creative Commons

You are free to use images with a Creative Commons licence. A CC licence concerns only the author’s copyright, and no other rights related to the work, such as the right to privacy (for example, for people depicted in a photograph).

  • You can also find photos via Flickr.

See Creative or Creative Commons Norge for more information about Creative Commons and different licences.

Research ethics and plagiarism

The Copyright Act provides the legal authority for citation in academic publications:

Useful links on research ethics and plagiarism


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See also

Lov om opphavsrett til åndsverk (The Norwegian Copyright Act, in Norwegian.)