Copyright for academic staff - Kunnskapsbasen
Copyright for academic staff
On this page, the NTNU University Library has provided information about copyright that you need to be aware of when you publish your research.
Norsk versjon - Opphavsrett for vitenskapelige ansatte
- Brief information about copyright on intellectual and creative work
- Attributing credit/citation
- Economic rights
- Contracts with publishers
- NTNU’s publishing policy
- Use of photographs and other material
- Creative Commons
- Research ethics and plagiarism
- Useful links on research ethics and plagiarism
- See also
Brief information about copyright on intellectual and creative work
- Whoever creates a work of the intellect (an original literary, scientific or artistic work) automatically has the copyright to the work.
- The copyright arises as soon as the work is created. No registration is needed.
- Ideas and concepts are not protected by copyright.
- Copyright generally lasts for 70 years after the author’s death.
The author’s economic rights may be transferred wholly or partially to a publisher.
Contracts with publishers
Publishers are keen to secure exclusive rights. This means that they do not allow others to publish the same book, make the work available via the Internet, publish it as an audio book, produce a new but essentially equivalent work, and so on. (See also Norwegian Copyright Act, § 74).
NTNU’s publishing policy
Knowledge developed at NTNU must be made known and available, including through open access publishing. NTNU’s Policy for Open Science.
Open access is an important aspect of NTNU’s publishing policy. NTNU has a publishing fund where authors with a NTNU affiliation can apply for funding to cover article processing charges, both in Open Access journals and books.
Be on the alert for questionable publishers.
You can check a journal’s publishing policy in SHERPA/RoMEO.
Use of photographs and other material
DelRett is an advisory service on copyright issues (in Norwegian).
As a principle, the author/rightholder must be asked for permission to use copyrighted material. For audio recording, this applies to everyone who contributes to the recording.
Agreements with Bono, Fono, Gramo, Norwaco, Kopinor or Tono secure all users easy and legal access to intellectual property, while the rightholders are paid so that new works can be created.
You are free to use images with a Creative Commons licence. A CC licence concerns only the author’s copyright, and no other rights related to the work, such as the right to privacy (for example, for people depicted in a photograph).
- Images with a CC licence can be found using Google Advanced Image Search. Select the type of license you want under ‘usage rights’.
- You can also find photos via Flickr.
Research ethics and plagiarism
The Copyright Act provides the legal authority for citation in academic publications:
Useful links on research ethics and plagiarism
- NTNU’s code of ethics has a section on research and publishing.
- The Norwegian Act on ethics and integrity in research (in Norwegian: Forskningsetikkloven) aims to ensure that research carried out by public and private institutions is conducted in accordance with recognized ethical standards.
- In the Research Ethics Library you can find more on integrity and professional loyalty to colleagues (academic misconduct and plagiarism, impartiality and handling of references).
- The Ethics Portal addresses dilemmas related to research fraud, among other issues.
- Legal advice
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Lov om opphavsrett til åndsverk (The Norwegian Copyright Act, in Norwegian.)