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Themes at EPT

Description of themes in connection with specialization courses at the Department of Energy and Process Engineering. The themes can be chosen after EPT's announcement during the Fall semester of 2022 via this registration form.

Norsk versjon - denne siden finnes bare på engelsk

See also: Bookmarks - EPT - Department of Energy and Process Engineering


TEP02 - Turbulence and combustion (3,75 SP)

Supervisor: Ivar S. Ertesvåg

Objective: Knowledge and insight in combustion and turbulence as physical phenomena, in methods for analyzing, and the models and tools used for this.

Preferred previous knowledge: Ideal-gas mixtures, chemical reactions, fluid mechanics, heat and mass transfer as covered by courses in chemistry, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat/mass transfer.

Content: Combustion – chemistry and flow. Laminar flames – premixed and non-premixed. Extinction, ignition. Turbulence and its interaction with chemistry. Turbulent combustion. Mathematical models. Reaction kinetics. Formation of certain species (e.g., pollution). Applications.

TEP04 - Gas Turbines and Turbocompressors (3,75 SP)

Supervisor: Lars Eirik Bakken

The course objective is to present the design fundamentals and operation of gas turbines, turbo compressors and expanders. The main subjects cover thermal analysis and stability of turbomachinery, including machinery integration for power and process plants applications; oil and gas, transportation and refinement. Subjects related to specifications, operation and maintenance of engines and their auxiliary systems are presented. Regulation and emission formation (NOx, CO2), suppression and removal are included. Challenges on wet gas compression and expansion are discussed.

Knowledge related to:

  • Design of compressors, gas turbines, turbo expanders and wet gas compressors
  • Main component design criteria
  • Surge and choking in compressors and gas turbines
  • Formation of emissions to air
  • Operation and control of thermal turbomachinery
  • Main components within process and power plant systems

Skills related to:

  • Evaluation of proper thermal turbomachinery for process plant and/or gas turbine power generation. This includes type, size and power considerations
  • Main dimensions and power estimation of compressors, gas turbines, turbo expanders and wet gas compressors

General competence:

Competence within compressors, gas turbines, turbo expanders and wet gas compressors, in order to perform design consideration and integration of thermal turbo machinery at process and power plants.

Subjects:

  • Theoretical and practical design fundamentals
  • Performance parameters at variable operating conditions
  • Process integration and system analysis
  • Thermodynamics and condition monitoring
  • Optimum train- and parallel operation of engines
  • Control of thermal turbo-machinery
  • Dynamic analysis and response within an integrated system
  • Formation and methods to reduce environmental emissions to air (NOx, CO2)
  • Multiphase machinery

Literature:

  • Lecture notes
  • S L Dixon and C A Hall; Fluid mechanics and thermodynamics of turbomachinery. 7th edition.
  • Alternative literature:
  • H.I.H. Saravanamuttoo, H. Cohen, C.F.C. Rogers: Gas Turbine Theory, 6th ed., Longman Scientific & Technical, 2008
  • Centrifugal Compressor Performance, Process Compressor Technology Vol 1; Ronald P. Lapina
  • A Practical Guide To Compressor Technology; Heinz P. Bloch
  • Compressor Aerodynamics; N.A. Cumptsy
  • Gas Turbine Theory, 6th Edition; H. Cohen, G.F.C. Rogers, H.I.H. Saravanamuttoo
  • Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook; Meherwan P. Boyce

Premises:

  • Thermodynamics and fluid flow fundamentals
  • Language: English. (Norwegians if natives only)

TEP05 - Turbomachinery - Performance Transients and System Response (3,75 SP)

Supervisor: Lars Eirik Bakken

The course gives a detailed study of thermal turbomachinery performance transients and system response. The main subjects are related to system design and analysis, covering both steady state and transient behaviour, i.e. optimization, instabilities, surge behaviour and suppression. Aspects related to novel multiphase machinery handling compressible fluids are covered. Digitalization, including digital twin technology is covered utilizing Hysys and HysysDynamic modelling and analysis. A vital part of the subject is related to steady state and transient laboratory tests.

Literature:

  • Lecture notes
  • Dixon, Fluid and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery

Premises:

  • Thermodynamic and fluid flow fundamentals
  • Thermal Turbomachinery

The number of participants is limited to 7 students due to test facility capacity.

TEP07 - Industrial Heat Engineering TE/IP/VE/EBE (3,75 SP)

Supervisor: Erling Næss

Recommended previous knowledge:

  • TEP4120 Engineering Thermodynamics 1
  • TEP 4130 Heat and Mass Transfer
  • TEP 4135 Engineering Fluid Mechanics 1

Description:

Important heat transfer processes in the Norwegian industry are presented, and the heat transfer basis for these processes are further discussed. The following topics are considered: Heat transfer by convection (laminar and turbulent flows), heat transfer in boiling and condensation. Pressure drop in single- and two-phase flows. Mass transfer by convection and diffusion.

Industrial heat transfer equipment will mainly focus on heat exchangers. Different types, their application areas and thermal-hydraulic design methods will be presented. Important operational aspects such as flowinduced vibrations and fouling will be discussed.

Course material: Compendium

Teaching method: Lectures, guided self-study, exercises

Purpose: Establish an understanding of heat and mass transfer in industrial process equipment, and enable
thermal-hydraulic design of heat exchangers.

TEP09 - Refrigeration systems and components IP/VE/EBE (3,75 SP)

Supervisor: Trygve Eikevik / Armin Hafner

Recommended previous knowledge: Basic knowledge within thermodynamic and heat pumping processes and systems.

Description: The course will give a detailed insight in refrigeration plants for cooling, freezing and gas processing. This include analysis of main components like compressors, evaporators, condensers and control systems; system solutions and mode of operation; design of main components; and application of environmentally friendly / natural working fluids. Heat exchanger design, compressor types and operation characteristics, and optimization of components and systems are also handled. The course will cover applications within the energy sector (industrial heat pumps), integrated energy systems (supermarkets), food industry (cooling, freezing) and gas industry (liquefied gases). The course will be adapted to the project work of the participating students.

Course material: Compendium and selected publications

Teaching method: Lectures and study groups, practical training.

Purpose: Give the students detailed knowledge about dimensioning, design and operation of refrigeration systems and components

TEP10 - Applied Refrigeration Engineering (3,75 SP)

Supervisor: Trygve Eikevik / Armin Hafner

The lectures will focus on design and use of heat pumping technologies within the food engineering area with the following keywords: properties of food, shelf life of food, cooling, freezing, cold storage, thawing. Modelling of non-stationary heat and mass flow processes. Refrigeration storage: types, design, insulation techniques, arrangements and projecting, dehydrations of goods. System solutions of heat pumping equipment’s in the food industry, energy conservation, energy analysis, cold chain nationally and internationally.

The course will be organized and adjusted according to the needs of knowledge in the project and master thesis.

Purpose: Give the students detailed knowledge about dimensioning, design and operation of refrigeration systems and components.

TEP11 - Dewatering and Drying Engineering (3,75 SP)

Supervisor: Trygve Eikevik

Lectureres: Trygve Eikevik, Odilio Alves-Filho

The lectures will focus on design and use of heat pumping technologies within the food engineering area with directions of conservations focused on dewatering and drying. Keywords in this area are; Properties of food, physical parameters as water activity, sorption isotherms, drying, rehydration, and mechanical properties. Thermal efficiency and energy use in drying and dewatering processes. Fluid bed drying, drying chambers, spray drying, heat pump dryers, freeze drying, evaporation systems.

The course will be organized and adjusted according to the needs of knowledge in the project and master thesis.

Purpose: Give the students detailed knowledge about dimensioning, design and operation of drying and dewatering systems.

TEP21 - Batteriteknikk / Engineering Batteries (3,75 SP)

Supervisors: Odne Stokke Burheim, Steven Boles, Jacob. J. Lamb

The course provides advanced insight into the use and dimensioning of batteries and various tools for diagnosing batteries. The course deals with the structure and chemical structure of batteries and further mechanisms that provide reduced efficiency and reduced life lifetime.
The course also provides advanced insight into battery production, and characteristics that are relevant within this. The course provides insight into the use and dimensioning of battery systems and associated battery management systems (BMS). The course also provides insight into the use of digital tools for machine learning and digital twins that are in use in research, production optimization and similar aspects.
The course will consist of 14 double hours and have a 50 minute oral exam hours written exam. Students will prepare some lectures each for the rest of the group.

The syllabus is based on digital books available through ORIA on NTNU´s intranet and partially handed out digital slides.

  • Book, «Engineering energy storage»; Chapters 6 and 7
  • Book, “Micro-Optics and Energy” Chapters 3, 11 and 12
  • Book, «Energy-Smart buildings», chapters 7 and 8
  • Slide Sheet «IBPC Seminar; Fundamental of the battery cell production - Process, products and their interaction », Wolgang Haselrider et al.
  • 3 articles on battery manufacturing
  • 2 articles on digital twins and machine learning for battery systems

TEP18 - Numerisk Strømningsberegning/Computational Fluid Dynamics, (7,5 SP)

NB! Same as TEP 4545 (Course - Engineering Fluid Mechanics, Specialization Course - TEP4545 - NTNU) (7,5 SP)

Supervisor: Reidar Kristoffersen

Fluids engineering will cover general topics useful for fluid flow analysis and design of machinery and systems. Use of a CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) package, setting up a simulation using a CFD package, analysis, validation and verification of CFD results.

Lecturer: Reidar Kristoffersen

Mandatory previous knowledge: 2 courses in Fluid Mechanics; 1 course in Numerical Methods

Purpose: Give the students experience, expertice and critical scense to CFD.

Teaching method: Lectures, tutorials, simulation exercises, group project. The group projects should be designed together with the individual students project/master supervisor, and can contain elements like turbulent flows, wind turbines, water power plants, free surface flows, multiphase flows, combustion, compressible flows, supersonic flows, etc.

TEP20 - Thermal Energy and Indoor Environment, Specialization Course (7,5 SP)

NB! Same as TEP4535 (Course - Thermal Energy and Indoor Environment, Specialization Course - TEP4535 - NTNU) (7,5 SP)

Supervisor: Natasa Nord, Hans Martin Mathisen, Vojislav Nocakovic, Laurent Georges, Guangyu Cao

The course gives specialization within the next generation of highly efficient thermal energy supply facilities and climatization of buildings and areas that aim to be energy efficient and climate-friendly. The following topics are included:

  • Thermal energy planning
  • large and small scale district heating and cooling
  • thermal energy conversion and storage
  • measuring technique (therman systems, ventilation and indoor environment)
  • building automation (ICT and IoT)

Only students who write project assignment TEP4530 Energy and Indoor Environment, Specialization Project, have access to this specialization course, because the course will train the students to work on their project assignments.

The course is given as a combination of lectures, seminars, laboratory, and field work as well as guided self-study, or problem- or project-based learning in groups. Lectures are given in English, if there are non-Norwegian speaking students. If the lectures are given in English, the exam will be only given in English. Students are free to answer in Norwegian or English.

The course material consists of different books, scientific papers, and reports. All these will be given at the beginning of the semester via Blackboard.

The course will enable the student to:

  • design, operate, and analyze highly efficient facilities for energy supply and climatization of buildings,large and small scale district heating and cooling, and thermal energy storage;
  • develop and implement new technology for highly efficient facilities for energy supply and climatization of buildings, large and small scale district heating and cooling, and thermal energy storage.

After completion of the course, the student should be able to apply the knowledge and skills to analyze and select solutions as well as to design next-generation facilities for thermal energy supply and climatization of buildings and areas that aim to be energy efficient and climate-friendly. The student should be able to apply this competence in issues and projects where these topics are included as components or parts of a technological solution.

Exam:

The exam is written and in digital form. Requirement to get admission to the written exam are approved mandatory exercises. The approval of the mandatory exercises can only be transferred from the previous academic year if the program was not significantly changed.

Recommended previous knowledge:

TEP4245 HVAC Engineering or documented equivalent knowledge. It is assumed that those who follow the specialization course TEP4535 also take specialization project TEP4530 - Energy and Indoor Environment, Specialization Project. Further, it is desirable to have attended or have relevant knowledge as from the following course: TEP4260 Heat Pumps for Heating and Cooling of Buildings, TBA4166 Building Performance Simulation, and TEP4315 Indoor Environment and TEP4235 Energy Management in buildings.

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